in La rivista di Arablit, a. IX, n. 17-18, dicembre 2019, pp. 51-68.
In this paper I will be analysing a number of articles by the Syro-Lebanese thinker and man of letters Niqūlā al-Ḥaddād (1872-1954) for the magazine “al-Hilāl”. He published articles in which he managed to discuss a good number of his favourite topics against the background of the ongoing First World War. He did not always deal directly with the conflict and its events, but rather preferred to reflect on “war” as an historical and sociological phenomenon or on the development of Nations from a scientific point of view, while revealing the links between his words and the particular context in which he was writing them. In a similar way, he would focus on its economic consequences, which obviously had a tremendous impact on the lives of people (usually the weakest), as History teaches us.
In this paper, I will be introducing some aspects of the considerations on war as a phenomenon and on World War I as specifically expressed by Nahdawist Christian Syro-Lebanese intellectual Niqūlā al-Ḥaddād, or Ḥaddād (Ǧūn, Sidon, 1872-Cairo, 1954)1 in a number of articles published in the well-known magazine “al-Hilāl”, created by another equally famous Syro-Lebanese thinker, Ǧurǧī Zaydān (1861-1914)2. In particular, I will focus primarily on the series of articles entitled Taṭawwur al-umam ḥasab al-nawāmīs al-ṭabī‘iyyah al-‘āmmah wa mā yakūn min hāḏā al-taṭawwur ba‘d al-ḥarb (The Development of Nations according to General Natural Laws and its Outcomes after the 1914-1915 War)3, which may be considered as the cornerstone of the construct successfully established by Niqūlā al-Ḥaddād during these fundamental years in human history. Like other writings, these ones reveal much of their author’s personality.